While it is important that you consult your doctor to read your cholesterol report and assess your heart health, it is good to have a basic understanding of the cholesterol ratio and how it affects your health. A cholesterol check involves a blood test on an empty stomach. The results include, among all numbers, three basic parameters with corresponding values that you can learn more about in the article below.
You should be reminded that not all cholesterol is bad. Cholesterol is vital for the synthesis of various hormones. Lipoproteins help carry cholesterol (lipids) via the bloodstream, from the liver (where it is made) to the cells. There are three types of lipids:
HDL-C Stands For High-Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol
The “good cholesterol”. It removes LDL-C from the arteries.
LDL-C Stands For Low-Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol
The “bad cholesterol”. It contributes to plaque formation in the arteries. Plaque clogs the arteries and makes them less flexible.
A type of fat (lipid) commonly found in your blood. After meal, your body converts any excess calories it doesn’t use right away into triglycerides. They are stored and later released for energy between meals. For a healthy body, you should have less than 150 mg/dL of triglyceride.
Cholesterol ratio is a good indicator of your risk of heart disease
Cholesterol ratio is calculated by dividing the total cholesterol by the high-density lipoprotein level.
- Ideal total cholesterol level: 200 mg/dL or below
- Borderline high: between 200 and 239
- High level: 240 and above
To estimate the cholesterol ratio, you must divide your total cholesterol number by the HDL cholesterol number. The smaller this number, the better.
- A reading of 5 indicates average risk for heart disease
- 3.4 indicates half the average risk
- 9.6 indicates double the average risk
Women tend to have higher HDL levels.
- a reading of 4.4 signals average risk
- 3.3 signals half the average risk
- 7 signals double the risk
In case your total cholesterol level is high and your total-to-HDL ratio is low, it may be less alarming.
Don’t forget that health check-ups should be a regular routine. And you should always consult your doctor for a precise and competent reading of your test results.
Disclaimer: The content is purely informative and educational in nature and should not be construed as medical advice. Please use the content only in consultation with an appropriate certified medical or healthcare professional.
Reading a cholesterol report like a doctor isn’t really possible for a layman. But, it is good to have a basic understanding of the cholesterol ratio and how it affects your health. The cholesterol ratio indicates the levels of HDL-C, LDL-C, and triglycerides. This ratio can be a reliable indicator of your risk of heart disease.